2017年成人高考专升本《英语》真题及答案
  • 组卷方式

    手工出卷

  • 本试卷共有

    61 题

  • 卷面总分

    150 分

  • 考试时长

    150分钟

Phonetics (共5题,合计5.00分。Directions:In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.)
  • 1(1.00 分)选出下列选项中e划线部分读音不同的选项
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  • 2(1.00 分)选出下列选项中a划线部分读音不同的选项
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  • 3(1.00 分)选出下列选项中tion划线部分读音不同的选项
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  • 4(1.00 分)选出下列选项中ey 划线部分读音不同的选项
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  • 5(1.00 分)选出下列选项中s划线部分读音不同的选项
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Vocabulary and Structure (共15题,合计15.00分。Directions : There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.)
  • 6(1.00 分)Jonathan and Joe left the house to go for_________after supper.
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  • 7(1.00 分)He pointed at the new car and asked,"_________is it? Have you ever seen it before?"
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  • 8(1.00 分)My father asked_________to help with his work.
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  • 9(1.00 分)Nowadays little knowledge________to be a dangerous thing.
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  • 10(1.00 分)If their marketing team succeeds, they________their profits by 20 percent.
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  • 11(1.00 分)You,d better take these documents with you________you need them for the meeting.
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  • 12(1.00 分)1 haven’t been to a pop festival before and Mike hasn’t________.
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  • 13(1.00 分)_________is known to the world,Mark Twain was a great American writer.
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  • 14(1.00 分)John complained to the bookseller that there were several pages________in the dictionary.
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  • 15(1.00 分)Not until the game had begun________at the sports ground.
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  • 16(1.00 分)Moviegoers know that many special effects are created by computers.________they often don't know is that these scenes still require a lot of work.
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  • 17(1.00 分)The president is to give a formal_______at the opening ceremony.
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  • 18(1.00 分)When I am confronted with such questions,my mind goes________,and I can hardly remember my own date of birth.
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  • 19(1.00 分)If they are willing to lend us the money we need, all our problems will be_________.
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  • 20(1.00 分)This article________more attention to the problem of cultural conflicts.
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Cloze (共15题,合计30分。Directions:For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked A,B,C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.)
  •         What enables some people to get big creative breakthroughs while others only get small and non-creative breakdowns, blaming themselves and society? Are some people "gifted"? Are there other factors 21 work--factors that we have more control over than we think?


            While nobody can deny the 22 that some people seem to be blessed with particular creativity, research shows that anyone can 23 their chances of coming up with new and original ideas 24 they would only engage themselves more in the process of 25 . It" s the old Thomas Edison thing about "discovery 26 99 percent perspiration (汗水) and 1 percent inspiration. "


              27 , the studies prove this:great creative breakthroughs usually happen only 28 intense periods of struggle. It is sustained effort towards a specific goal 29 eventually prepares for great creative insights.


           This kind of sustained effort does not always 30 immediate results, a fact that not only separates the innovators (革新者) from non-innovators, but 31 leads some people to conclude that it is just not 32 for them. "Maybe I should have gone to medical school like my mother wanted," they wonder when the breakthrough is 33 to be found. Alas, one forgets during inevitable encounters 34  self-doubt,that the big surprise is never 35 . Indeed,it can happen at any time and place.
    • 21(2 分) The answer to ____21_____ is ________.
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    • 22(2 分) The answer to ____22_____ is ________.
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    • 23(2 分) The answer to ____23_____ is ________.
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    • 24(2 分) The answer to ____24_____ is ________.
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    • 25(2 分) The answer to ____25_____ is ________.
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    • 26(2 分) The answer to ____26_____ is ________.
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    • 27(2 分) The answer to ____27_____ is ________.
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    • 28(2 分) The answer to ____28_____ is ________.
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    • 29(2 分) The answer to ____29_____ is ________.
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    • 30(2 分) The answer to ____30_____ is ________.
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    • 31(2 分) The answer to ____31_____ is ________.
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    • 32(2 分) The answer to ____32_____ is ________.
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    • 33(2 分) The answer to ____33_____ is ________.
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    • 34(2 分) The answer to ____34_____ is ________.
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    • 35(2 分) The answer to ____35_____ is ________.
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Reading Comprehension (共20题,合计60分。)
  •           Eating an apple a day does n" t keep the doctor away, but it does reduce the amount of trips you make to the drug store per year. That " s according to a new study that investigates whether there" s any truth in the old saying.


            A team of researchers led by Dr Matthew Davis, of the University of Michigan School of Nursing,asked 8,399 participants to answer survey questions about diet and health. A total of 753 were apple eaters, consuming at least 149g of raw apple per day. The remaining 7,646 were classed as non-apple eaters. When both groups answered questions on trips to the doctor and trips to the drug store per year,the apple eaters were found to be 27% less likely to visit the druggist for drugs.
      
               Trips to the doctor were not significantly affected by apple consumption, though. "Evidence does not support that an apple a day keeps the doctor away. However, the small number of US adults who eat an apple a day does appear to use fewer prescription medications," the study concludes.


             Apple eaters were also found to be less likely to smoke and be more likely to have a higher educational attainment than non-apple eaters. While apples do not compete with oranges, they do contain some immune (免疫的) system-increasing vitamin C, which may be why apple-eaters visit the druggist less. With over 8mg of vitamin C per medium-sized fruit, an apple can provide roughly 14% your daily recommended intake.
     
              Previous studies have also linked apple consumption to a lower risk of Type 2 diabetes (二型糖尿病) ,improved lung function and a lower risk of colon (结肠) cancer.
    • 36(3 分) How many non-apple eaters answered survey questions in the research?
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    • 37(3 分) What is the conclusion of the study?
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    • 38(3 分) What can we learn from the passage?
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    • 39(3 分) What can be described as the writing style of this passage?
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  •         Sometimes I scratch my head when I read about the government" s efforts to improve schools:new standards and tests to be applied, strict teacher evaluations, and threats of school closures and job losses. They frighten the school employees,not to mention the students. Instead of making people unable to solve problems or try new ideas--which is what fear does to us--research on school reform strongly suggests that policy-makers should encourage school leaders to take a more humane approach. In their study on the reform efforts of twelve Chicago public schools, Bryk and Schneider found that enabling positive social relationships between the adults was the key to successful school improvement and that trust was at the heart of those relationships.


             Trust in schools comes down to one thing:psychological safety or safety to speak one"s mind,to discuss with openness and honesty what is and isn" t working,to make collective decisions.


            Yet this kind of safety doesn" t come easily to schools. According to Bryk and Schneider, the adults in school rely on each other to do their jobs correctly and with integrity (正直). The challenge is that our expectations are very diverse based on our unique backgrounds.


              At one school where I taught, each teacher had different expectations about how much effort teachers should put into their work--a big difference between the teachers who left after the last bell and those who worked into the evening. And when expectations are unconscious or unspoken, it becomes impossible for others to live up to them.


            We also make assumptions about the intentions behind a person" s behavior. As we all Imam,assumptions are often wrong. For example, parents and teachers my think the principal made a particular decision based on his career advancement rather than hat" s best for the students.If we don"t feel psychologically safe to question our assumptions and expectations , trust flies am the window and our relationships suffer.
    • 40(3 分) According to Paragraph 1,why does the author scratch his head?
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    • 41(3 分) According to Bryk and Schneider,what was most important for successful school improvement?
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    • 42(3 分) What is meant by trust in school?
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    • 43(3 分) What does the author say about the assunptions made about the intentions behind a person"s behavior?
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  •        An interesting project called Blue Zones is recording the lifestyle secrets of the communities with the highest concentrations of centenarians in the world.


          The people in the five regions in Europe, Latin America,Asia and the US that live to be 100 have a lot going for them. Genes probably play a small role, but these folks also have strong social ties ,tightly-knit families and lots of opportunities to exercise.


           As we were examining the dietary secrets of the Blue Zones, as described in author Dan Buettner " s latest book, The Blue Zones Solution, we were struck by how essential tea drinking is in these regions. In fact, Buettner" s Blue Zones Beverage Rule--a kind of guideline summarized from his 15 or so years of studying these places--is:" Drink coffee for breakfast, tea in the afternoon, wine at 5 pm"


          Science has plenty to say about the healthful virtues of green tea. Researchers are most enthusiastic about the components in green tea, as well as foods like cocoa. Why might they help so many Okinawans in Japan break 1007 Some components in green tea can lower the risk of stroke,heart disease and several cancers. One review study also found that drinking green tea can slightly improve metabolism (新陈代谢).


           If you find yourself on the island of Ikaria, the Greek Blue Zone in the middle of the Aegean, you won"t be offered any tea made with tea leaves. Instead, Ikarians typically make their daily cup of tea with just one fresh herb that they have picked themselves that day--either rosemary, wild sage,oregano,marjoram,mint or dandelion,all plants that may have anti-inflammatory (消炎的) properties,which may help lower blood pressure. This could explain Ikaria" s very low dementia (痴呆) rate,since high blood pressure is a risk factor for the disease.
    • 44(3 分) What does the underlined word "centenarians" in Paragraph 1 refer to?
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    • 45(3 分) According to Paragraph 3,what is the recommended time for tea drinking?
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    • 46(3 分) What may the tea Ikarians drink daily help?
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    • 47(3 分) What might be the best title of the passage?
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  •          Debate is a valuable way to practise communicating. It can also bring long-lasting rewards,especially for people working with Western businesses. The main activity of debate is presenting one" s opinion and supporting it with evidence,such as statistics or facts. It is a way of persuasive communication.


              Charles Lebeau helped create the "Discover Debate" method. He says debate is important to understanding how people communicate in Western business. Successful debaters learn how to give their opinion,reasons and support. "What we are trying to do is to develop a kind of thinking or approach to discussion and how to interact (交流) with someone else" s opinion, rather than brush their opinion aside. "


             Debate skills are also important in selling a product, he says. In that situation, the judges are the customers. "So on Monday, for example, one company may come in and present their case to the customer and they" ll make as strong a ease as they can. On Tuesday, the next day, another company will come in and present their ease to the customer. Usually the party that can present the strongest case wins”


           Debate also strengthens critical thinking. In other words, it helps students learn to ask question sand try to understand someone" s reasons and evidence.


           Mr. Lebeau points out that successful debaters learn to listen carefully to what other people are saying. Then, they look for the weak points in someone else" s opinion or argument. He says debate teaches a systematic way of questioning.


         Successful debaters also learn to think from someone else" s point of view. Mr. Lebeau says debate can help broaden the mind. "There" s an expression in English : don" t criticize another person before you have walked in their shoes. I think the wonderful thing about debate is, it puts us in another person" s shoes. "
    • 48(3 分) According to Paragraph 1,what is the purpose of debate?
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    • 49(3 分) Why is debate important?
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    • 50(3 分) What does the underlined word "case" in Paragraph 3 refer to?
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    • 51(3 分) What can debaters benefit from "walking in another person"s shoes"?
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  •         We all love a hero, and rescue dogs are some of the biggest heroes of all. You will often find them going above and beyond duty to save someone, risking--and at times losing--their lives in the process.


            Rescue dogs are generally found in the Sporting and Hunting Groups, or from the traditional Herding Group. These types include the Bloodhound, Labrador Retriever, Newfoundland, German Shepherd, Golden Retriever, and Belgian Malinois--all of which are chosen for search-and-rescue duty because of their amazing physical strength, loyalty, and their tendency for mental stability.


            These types also have a keen sense of hearing and smell--to better locate lost individuals —and are often able to access hard-to-reach areas. As highly trained animals, they serve in many different fields, including specialist search, snow slide rescue, dead body location, and tracking.


            To overcome obstacles and succeed when performing the demanding duties of a search-and-rescue worker, a dog must display certain qualities. In addition to intelligence and strength, the dog must be swift, confident, easily trainable, adaptable, and have a high level of stamina (耐力) and endurance.


            A strong sense of group cooperation and an ability to engage in friendly play during "down" time is also required of search-and-rescue dogs.


            A rescue dog goes through many, many hours of intensive training to be fit for duty. Training is not for the faint-hearted. Certification training can take from two to three years, working three to four hours a day, three to six days a week, often in group,team-oriented sessions.


           Each search-and-rescue field requires different types of training. Rescue training, for instance, includes "air scenting"--where dogs are trained to smell the air for the victim" s scent (气味) and then follow the scent to the person. This ability is crucial to finding victims trapped under collapsed buildings and snow slide.
    • 52(3 分) Rescue dogs are chosen probably because______.
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    • 53(3 分) What does " faint-hearted" in Paragraph 5 mean?
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    • 54(3 分) Which ability is most important for dogs to rescue people trapped in snow?
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    • 55(3 分) What is the passage mainly about?
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Daily Conversation (共5题,合计15.00分。Directions:Pick out appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the following dialoaue by blackenina the corresuondina letter on the Answer Sheet.)
  • 56(3.00 分)第56题的正确答案是
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  • 57(3.00 分)第57题的正确答案是
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  • 58(3.00 分)第58题的正确答案是
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  • 59(3.00 分)第59题的正确答案是
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  • 60(3.00 分)第60题的正确答案是
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Writing (共1题,合计25.00分。Directions:For this part, you are supposed to write an essay in English in 100 - 120 words based on the following information. Remember to write it clearly.)
  • 61(25.00 分)

    你(Li Yuan)组织同学进行了一次烧烤野餐(barbecue)。请给你的英国朋友Tim写一封电子邮件,内容包括:
    ·野餐前的准备;
    ·野餐过程;
    ·印象最深刻的人或事。

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计算器

答题卡

Phonetics

(共5题)

Vocabulary and Structure

(共15题)

Cloze

(共15题)

Reading Comprehension

(共20题)

Daily Conversation

(共5题)

Writing

(共1题)