2019年成人高考专升本《英语》真题及答案
  • 组卷方式

    手工出卷

  • 本试卷共有

    61 题

  • 卷面总分

    150 分

  • 考试时长

    150分钟

Phonetics (共5题,合计5.00分。Directions:In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.)
  • 1(1.00 分)选出下列选项中tion划线部分读音不同的选项。
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  • 2(1.00 分)选出下列选项中ue划线部分读音不同的选项。
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  • 3(1.00 分)选出下列选项中ea划线部分读音不同的选项。
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  • 4(1.00 分)选出下列选项中ch划线部分读音不同的选项。
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  • 5(1.00 分)选出下列选项中a划线部分读音不同的选项。
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Vocabulary and Structure (共15题,合计15.00分。Directions : There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.)
  • 6(1.00 分)Since computers were introduced,they()to be useful tools for people weak in math.
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  • 7(1.00 分)It was suggested that this hardworking girl()an example for other students.
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  • 8(1.00 分)The job applicant was worried about the interview()he was well prepared.
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  • 9(1.00 分)()all the difficulties,the researcher continued her research.
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  • 10(1.00 分)The organizers of the conference have arranged hotel rooms for those students()from out of town.
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  • 11(1.00 分)If Peter had told his teacher about his difficulty in math homework,she()him before the exam.
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  • 12(1.00 分)Reading aloud every day can be one of the most()ways to improve your spoken English.
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  • 13(1.00 分)Please make sure that your name is entered in the()space when you fill out this form.
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  • 14(1.00 分)By the time you return in two years,your hometown will()a new look.
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  • 15(1.00 分)Peter would()stay at home watching TV than go shopping with his mom.
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  • 16(1.00 分)You’d better speak loudly at the meeting()everyone can hear you.
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  • 17(1.00 分)I can hardly distinguish the two girls,since they look quite().
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  • 18(1.00 分)I did not do well on the writing exam,for the topic to write on was unfamiliar()me.
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  • 19(1.00 分)Mary took a part-time job last summer,but her parents were unhappy about()she did.
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  • 20(1.00 分)There()no one to help me at this moment,I need to handle the work all by myself.
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Cloze (共15题,合计30分。Directions:For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked A,B,C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.)
  • In our online life,we need to use passwords frequently.We use passwords 21 e-mail,gaming sites,social networking sites,and other shopping sites. 22 ,the passwords most people use are not very 23 and can easily be“broken”by others.In fact,the most commonly used passwords are so simple that it requires very 24 effort to figure them out.Can you guess 25 the most commonly used passwords are?They are:Names of baseball teams,birth dates of a family
    26 ,the year of a special sports event,the random numbers like 156468, 27 the name of a friend,pet,favorite TV star,or band.
    There are programs 28 to break into people’s online accounts.These programs are 29 of trying every word in the English dictionary and the dictionaries 30 many foreign languages,in their effort to break into an account. 31 can even search words backward.Some will try 32
    words or words that are followed by numbers, 33 school222.These programs can test millions of passwords in a few minutes.So,you are advised to be careful about 34 passwords so that they will be hard to break.You are also advised not to make them 35 hard to remember. Meanwhile, you need to change them once in a while.
    • 21(2 分) 以下选项21题答案为()。
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    • 22(2 分) 以下选项22题答案为()。
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    • 23(2 分) 以下选项23题答案为()。
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    • 24(2 分) 以下选项24题答案为()。
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    • 25(2 分) 以下选项25题答案为()。
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    • 26(2 分) 以下选项26题答案为()。
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    • 27(2 分) 以下选项27题答案为()。
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    • 28(2 分) 以下选项28题答案为()。
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    • 29(2 分) 以下选项29题答案为()。
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    • 30(2 分) 以下选项30题答案为()。
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    • 31(2 分) 以下选项31题答案为()。
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    • 32(2 分) 以下选项32题答案为()。
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    • 33(2 分) 以下选项33题答案为()。
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    • 34(2 分) 以下选项34题答案为()。
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    • 35(2 分) 以下选项35题答案为()。
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Reading Comprehension (共20题,合计60分。Directions:There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by four questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D.Choose the best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.)
  • Socrates is often referred to as one of the founders of Western philosophy,and yet he wrote nothing,established no school,and held no particular theories of his own.What he did do,however,was frequently ask the questions that interested him,and in doing so developed a new way of thinking.This method proceeds(展开)as a dialogue between opposing views,and it earned him many enemies in Athens,where he lived.
    As a young man,Socrates is believed to have studied natural philosophy,looking at the various explanations of the nature of the universe,but then became involved in the politics of the city-state and concerned with more down-to-earth moral issues,such as the nature of justice. However,he was not interested in winning arguments,or arguing for the sake of making money Nor was he seeking answers or explanations.He was simply examining the basis of the concepts we apply to ourselves( such as“god”,“bad”,and“just”),for he believed that understanding what we are is the first task of philosophy.
    He was sentenced to death on charges of corrupting the young with bad ideas.But he also had many followers,and among them was Plato,who recorded Socrates’ideas in the written works,called dialogues,in which Socrates sets about examining various ideas.
    Socrates’central concern,then,was the examination of life,and it was his cruel questioning of people’s most valued beliefs(largely about themselves)that earned him his enemies—but he remained committed to his task until the very end.According to the account of his defense at his trial,Socrates chose death rather than face a life of ignorance:“The life which is unexamined is not worth living.”
    • 36(3 分) What is true about Socrates?
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    • 37(3 分) What is the most important task of philosophy according to Socrates?
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    • 38(3 分) What is the passage mainly about?
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    • 39(3 分) What is the tone of the passage?
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  • Alan Lakein,a time management expert,thinks that nothing is a total waste of time,including doing nothing at times.If you arrange things so that you find time to relax and “do nothing”,you will get more done and have more fun doing it.
    One of his clients,a space engineer,didn’t know how to“do nothing”.Every minute of his leisure time was scheduled with intense activities.He had an outdoor-activities schedule in which he switched from skiing to tennis.His girlfriend kept up with him in these activities,although she would have preferred just to sit by the fire and relax once in a while.like too many people,he felt the need to be doing something all the time,for doing nothing seemed a waste of time.His“relaxing by the fire”consisted of playing chess,reading magazines,or checking emails.
    For an experiment,Alan asked him to“waste”his time for five minutes during one of their sessions together.What the engineer ended up doing was relaxing,sitting quietly and daydreaming. When he was finally able to admit that emotional reasons caused him to reject relaxing as a waste of time,he began to look more critically at that way of thinking.Once he knew that relaxing was a good use of time,he became less serious about being busy and started enjoying each activity more. Previously he had been so busy doing that he had no time to have fun at anything.He began to do less and have more fun.When Alan saw the client about three years later,he still had as busy a schedule as ever,but he was able to balance his activity with relaxing so that he came back to work Monday morning not feeling tired out from a busy weekend but refreshed.
    • 40(3 分) What did“doing nothing”mean to the space engineer at first?
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    • 41(3 分) What made the engineer reject relaxing?
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    • 42(3 分) What happened after the engineer learned“doing nothing”?
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    • 43(3 分) What can be inferred from the passage about“doing nothing”?
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  • On a dry and cold Friday afternoon last October,Sharon Seline exchanged text messages with her daughter who was in college.They “chatted”back and forth,with the mom asking how things were going and the daughter answering positively followed by emoticons(表情符)showing smiles,b-i-g smiles and hearts.
    Later that night.her daughter attempted suicide.
    In the days that followed,it came to light that she’d hidden herself in her dorm,crying and showing signs of depression—a completely different reality from the one that she conveyed in texts and Facebook posts.
    As human beings,our only real method of connection is through real communication.Studies show that only 7% of communication is based on writing and speaking.The majority of 93% is based on body language.Indeed,it’s only when we can hear a tone of voice or look into someone’s eyes that we’re able to know when “I’m fine” doesn’t mean they’re fine at all.
    This is where social media gets risky.
    With modern technology,anyone can hide behind the text,the e-mail,or the Facebook post,projecting any image they want and creating a false image of their choosing.They can be whoever they want to be.And without the ability to receive body language,their audiences are none the wiser.
    This presents a paradox which doesn’t exist before.With all the powerful social technologies at our fingertips,we are more connected—and potentially more disconnected—than ever before. Every relevant metric(衡量标准)shows that we are interacting at a great speed and frequency through social media.But are we really communicating?With 93% of our communication context(语境)lost,we are now attempting to establish relationships and make decisions based on phrases or emoticons,which may or may not accurately represent the truth.
    • 44(3 分) On a dry and cold Friday afternoon last October,Sharon Seline exchanged text messages with her daughter who was in college.They “chatted”back and forth,with the mom asking how things were going and the daughter answering positively followed by emoticons(表情符)showing smiles,b-i-g smiles and hearts.
      Later that night.her daughter attempted suicide.
      In the days that followed,it came to light that she’d hidden herself in her dorm,crying and showing signs of depression—a completely different reality from the one that she conveyed in texts and Facebook posts.
      As human beings,our only real method of connection is through real communication.Studies show that only 7% of communication is based on writing and speaking.The majority of 93% is based on body language.Indeed,it’s only when we can hear a tone of voice or look into someone’s eyes that we’re able to know when “I’m fine” doesn’t mean they’re fine at all.
      This is where social media gets risky.
      With modern technology,anyone can hide behind the text,the e-mail,or the Facebook post,projecting any image they want and creating a false image of their choosing.They can be whoever they want to be.And without the ability to receive body language,their audiences are none the wiser.
      This presents a paradox which doesn’t exist before.With all the powerful social technologies at our fingertips,we are more connected—and potentially more disconnected—than ever before. Every relevant metric(衡量标准)shows that we are interacting at a great speed and frequency through social media.But are we really communicating?With 93% of our communication context(语境)lost,we are now attempting to establish relationships and make decisions based on phrases or emoticons,which may or may not accurately represent the truth.
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    • 45(3 分) What phenomenon does the underlined word“paradox”( Paragraph 7)reflect?
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    • 46(3 分) What is true about today’s communication through social media?
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    • 47(3 分) What is the best title for the passage?
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  • Tom was aged four but he was talking like a two-year-old baby.He was saying such things as “kick ball” and“want car”,and using lots of one-word sentences.He should have been saying some really long sentences and telling stories with them.He wasn’t.Something had gone terribly wrong.
    Quite a few children have what is called a“language delay”.For some reason they don’t learn to speak as quickly as they should.Their friends shoot ahead and they’re left behind.As a result,they get very lonely.Nobody wants to talk to you if you can’t talk back.
    Can anything be done to help these children?Yes.They can go to see a speech therapist—a person who’s specially trained to work out what’s wrong and who knows how to teach language to children.This is what happened to Tom.The speech therapist played some games with him and heard how he talked.She made a recording of his speech,and chatted to his mom and dad about his background.They’d taken Tom to see a doctor,but the doctor hadn’t found anything wrong with him. He seemed perfectly normal in every way—except he just wasn’t talking.
    After Tom and his parents had gone home,the therapist listened carefully to the recording she’d made.Then she looked at a chart which showed how language developed in children aged two,three and four.She could see Tom was a long way behind.
    The next step,she decided,was to teach Tom how to say some new sentences like“kick a red ball,” and“the clown is kicking a ball.”Tom didn’t get the new sentences right straight away.But the therapist was very patient,and after a few more visits he started to make some progress.
    • 48(3 分) How did the author introduce the topic of this passage?
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    • 49(3 分) What can be inferred from the passage about“language delay”?
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    • 50(3 分) What did the speech therapist do to help Tom?
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    • 51(3 分) What is the best title for the passage?
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  • Sound sleep occurs when one’s internal clock is regulated.Circadian rhythms(生理节奏)can become compromised quite easily.Many people with sleep troubles tend to vary bedtimes.To avoid this common problem,sleep sufferers should go to bed and wake up at the same time every day.to help improve circadian rhythms,sufferers should enjoy 15 minutes of sun exposure the first thing in the morning.
    A bedtime routine can help prevent insomnia(失眠).One hour before bedtime,one should lower the lights and relax.Reading a book or listening to calm music can help prepare the body for a good night’s sleep.Taking a warm,candlelit bath or drinking a cup of warm milk can also help you prepare for deep sleep at night.
    Stress can have a bad effect on the body and the ability to sleep. A daily exercise routine can help lower the body’s stress naturally.One can also manage stress by writing diaries.Writing diaries can help people express their anxieties,plan for the future and improve sleep. Other ways to lower stress include deep breathing exercises and progressive muscle relaxation.
    The light sending out from computers,cellphones,tablets and televisions can cause sleep problems.Therefore,these items should be turned off at least an hour before bedtime.Additionally lowering the backlight on these electronic devices earlier in the evening can help you fall asleep faster and stay asleep longer once bedtime arrives.
    A perfect bedroom invites sweet sleep.Most people sleep better in a cool,dark,and quiet room.Lower the temperature in the room to 16~20 degrees for a peaceful night’s sleep.A dark room can be accomplished by installing light blocking curtains or wearing a sleep mask.Noise can be reduced with either earplugs or a white noise machine.Finally,a comfortable mattress(床垫)and pillows are essential to a good night’s sleep.
    • 52(3 分) What is the passage mainly about?
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    • 53(3 分) According to Paragraph 2,which of the following may lead to insomnia?
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    • 54(3 分) What can be done to reduce stress?
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    • 55(3 分) What is the perfect condition for sleep?
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Daily Conversation (共5题,合计15.00分。Directions:Pick out appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the following dialoaue by blackenina the corresuondina letter on the Answer Sheet)
  • 56(3.00 分)请写出60题正确答案。
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  • 57(3.00 分)请写出59题正确答案。
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  • 58(3.00 分)请写出58题正确答案。
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  • 59(3.00 分)请写出57题正确答案。
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  • 60(3.00 分)请写出56题正确答案。
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Writing (共1题,合计25.00分。Directions:For this part, you are supposed to write an essay in English in 100 - 120 words based on the following information. Remember to write it clearly.)
  • 61(25.00 分)

       新学期伊始,你们班准备组织一场迎新晚会,让同学们熟悉起来。你(Li Yuan)打算邀请外教(Tim)来参加迎新晚会。请给他写一封e-mail,内容包括:
    (1)邀请他参加迎新晚会;
    (2)介绍迎新晚会的一些活动安排;
    (3)希望他能够做个简短发言;
    (4)期待他的到来。

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计算器

答题卡

Phonetics

(共5题)

Vocabulary and Structure

(共15题)

Cloze

(共15题)

Reading Comprehension

(共20题)

Daily Conversation

(共5题)

Writing

(共1题)