2018年成人高考专升本《英语》真题及答案
  • 组卷方式

    手工出卷

  • 本试卷共有

    61 题

  • 卷面总分

    150 分

  • 考试时长

    150分钟

Phonetics (共5题,合计5.00分。Directions:In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.)
  • 1(1.00 分)选出下列选项中a划线部分读音不同的选项
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  • 2(1.00 分)选出下列选项中ew划线部分读音不同的选项
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  • 3(1.00 分)选出下列选项中b划线部分读音不同的选项
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  • 4(1.00 分)选出下列选项中e划线部分读音不同的选项
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  • 5(1.00 分)选出下列选项中sion划线部分读音不同的选项
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Vocabulary and Structure (共15题,合计15.00分。Directions : There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.)
  • 6(1.00 分)In October 2007, the Chang"e-l satellite was successfully()
    at Xichang.
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  • 7(1.00 分)The university regulations require that the students()
    at least 90% of the lectures.
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  • 8(1.00 分)Children don"t understand initially what they are reciting, but()it will have an impact on their thinking.
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  • 9(1.00 分)The employees() more enthusiastic about their work since their pay rose.
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  • 10(1.00 分)Many governments are now taking()to reduce smoking in public places.
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  • 11(1.00 分)At such a time of crisis, we must try to()all differences and stick together.
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  • 12(1.00 分)Despite the sudden breakdown of the General Manager,()
      work is going on in the company.
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  • 13(1.00 分)I feel very excited()the thought of joining my family in a week.
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  • 14(1.00 分)()a hotel, we looked for somewhere to have dinner.
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  • 15(1.00 分)Bob doesn"t look his age.I think he’s somewhere () .
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  • 16(1.00 分)The train() to arrive at 11: 30, but it was an hour late.
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  • 17(1.00 分)I"lI consider() Ms.Smith tonight, but I am not sure if I have the time.
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  • 18(1.00 分)()my daughter reaches the age of eighteen, she can apply for a driving license.
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  • 19(1.00 分)—The boss wants to talk to you.He seems unhappy with your performance.
    —Oh, I() be in trouble.I hope he won"t fire me.
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  • 20(1.00 分)I asked two passers-by how to get to the new railway station, but()of them knew it.
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Cloze (共15题,合计30分。Directions:For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked A,B,C and D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.)
  • The destruction of habitats (栖息地) all over the world is the primary reason species are becoming extinct (灭绝) or endangered. Houses, highways, dams, industrial buildings, and ever-spreading farms now dominate 21 formerly occupied by forests, deserts, and wetlands. 22 the beginning of European settlement in America, 23 , over 65, 000, 000 acres of wetlands have been drained. One million acres alone vanished 24 1985 and 1995.

      Habitat destruction can be 25 or it can be subtle, occurring over a 26 period of time without being noticed. 27 such as sewage from cities and chemical runoff fromfarms, can change the 28 and quantity of water in streams and rivers. To 29 living in a delicately balanced habitat, this disturbance can be as 30 as the clear-cutting of a rainforest.

      31 remaining habitats are carved into smaller and smaller pockets or islands, remaining species are forced to exist in these 32 areas, which causes further habitat 33 These species become less adaptable to environmental 34 in fact, they become 35 endangered. Scientists believe that when a habitat is cut by 90%, one-half of its plants, animals and insects will become extinct.
    • 21(2 分) 第21题的正确答案是()
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    • 22(2 分) 第22题的正确答案是()
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    • 23(2 分) 第23题的正确答案是()
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    • 24(2 分) 第24题的正确答案是()
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    • 25(2 分) 第25题的正确答案是()
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    • 26(2 分) 第26题的正确答案是()
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    • 27(2 分) 第27题的正确答案是()
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    • 28(2 分) 第28题的正确答案是()
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    • 29(2 分) 第29题的正确答案是()
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    • 30(2 分) 第30题的正确答案是()
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    • 31(2 分) 第31题的正确答案是()
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    • 32(2 分) 第32题的正确答案是()
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    • 33(2 分) 第33题的正确答案是()
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    • 34(2 分) 第34题的正确答案是()
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    • 35(2 分) 第35题的正确答案是()
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Reading Comprehension (共20题,合计60分。Directions:There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by four questions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D.Choose the best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.)
  •     Woman nabbed for a DUI at same crash spot
      Wed May 21. 2: 17 AM ET

      TRUCKEE,Caif。- Call it drunken driving deja vu(记忆幻觉)。 For the second time in five months, a 23-year-old California woman has been arrested after she crashed her car while driving under the influence( DUI) at the exact same spot north of Lake Tahoe.
    And to top it off, Truckee Police say that in both cases, her blood alcohol content was more than three times the legal limit.

      The police say Melissa Dennison of Truckee crashed at about noon on Sunday on glenshire Drive just south of the Glenshire Bridge. They say she was extremely drunk and had trouble standing or walking. Her blood alcohol level initially was measured at 346. The legal limit is. 08.

      Sergeant J. Litchie said Dennison also had been charged with a DUI in January when she crashed at the same spot and registered a blood alcohol level of. 380. If found guilty of the second offense, she faces up to 10 years in prison and fines in excess of $2, 000.

      A telephone message the Associated Press left at a listing for Dennison in Truckee on Tuesday was not immediately returned.
    • 36(3 分) Who is the author of the passage?
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    • 37(3 分) Why couldn’t the woman stand and walk?
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    • 38(3 分) Why could the woman be imprisoned for 10 years?
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    • 39(3 分) What does the word"nabbed"in the title mean?
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  • Passage Two
      There were many different cultures in the ancient world, but the two that had the most influence on European and American civilizations were the Greek and the Roman. Often these two cultures are lumped together in our minds, as if they were really exactly alike. But that is not the case. In many ways the Greeks and the Romans could not have been more different.

      The Greeks were truly democratic, often without a single leader but instead governed by a group of men chosen by the people. The Romans were semi-democratic. They had a governing Senate, but the political power was mos tly or completely in the hands of a single emperor.

      Both cultures were great builders. But the construction interests of the two cultures were also different. The Greeks tended to be more artistic. Their buildings were well constructed and they ley were especially interested in temples, columns, and decorative forms. The Romans, on the other hand were more engineers than artists. They concentrated their efforts on urban planning, well-functioning water pipes, and the best roads.

      Only in cooking and eating habits are the two cultures really similar. Both peoples ate very well indeed: lots of fish, fresh vegetables and fruits, healthy meals, holding at the same time long discussions and tasting excellent wines.

      In fact, it would probably be fair to say that they both loved life in their warm, sea-orientedclimates, and they both lived a full life
    • 40(3 分) What is the first paragraph about?
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    • 41(3 分) Which of the following is TRUE?
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    • 42(3 分) What were the Greeks famous for?
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    • 43(3 分) How are the two cultures alike
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  • Passage Three
      As recently as three decades ago, many Americans believed that using credit was an unwise and dangerous way to pay for what they bought. Some even thought that owing money to a store or a redit company was something to be ashamed of. Good citizens, they believed, always bought what they wanted with real money and they paid the full price immediately.

      Today, however, all that has changed. Credit, as some observers have noted, has become a way of life in the United States. More and more Americans now are depending on those small pieces of plastic, credit cards, to pay for large purchases such as televisions, record players or furniture.Many people today would consider it unusual not to use a credit card to pay for a costly restaurant dinner, a hotel room or an airline trip. And there are some situations in which Americans must have credit cards. If they want the temporary use of a car, for example, they first must give the car rental company the number of their credit card. That number is considered a guarantee that they will return the car and pay for using it.

      Credit cards offer two major services to Americans. First of all, they are easier and safer to carry than large amounts of money. Second, they permit people to borrow, to have the immediate pleasure of owning something, even if they do not have enough money to pay for it at the time. With credit cards people pay for goods or services at the end of each month instead of when they buy them.And when the time does come to pay, most credit cards offer people a choice. They can pay all of what they owe for the month or they can just pay usually between 5 and 10 percent of what they owe.
    • 44(3 分) What do Americans feel about using credit cards nowadays according to the passage?
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    • 45(3 分) Why does the car rental company ask for the credit card number?
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    • 46(3 分) What advantage can credit card holders have?
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    • 47(3 分) What is the best title for the passage?
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  • Passage Four At the 1893 Columbian Exposition, a World Fair held in Chicago, chocolate-making machinery made in German ny was displayed. It caught the eye of M S Hershey, who saw the potential for chocolate. He installed chocolate machinery in his factory in Lancaster, and produced his first chocolate bars in 1894. Other Americans began mixing in other materials to make up new candy bars throughout the end of the 1890 s and the early 1900's. But it was World War I that really brought attention to the candy bar. The U. S. Army Quartermaster Corps requested various American chocolate manufacturers to provide 20 to 40 pound blocks of chocolate to be shipped to quartermaster bases. The blocks were cut into smaller pieces and distributed to American soldiers in Europe. Eventually the task of making smaller pieces was turned back to the manufacturers. By the end of the war when the soldiers arrived the American candy bar business was assured. Why? Because the returning soldiers had fond of chocolate candy and wanted more of the same. As a result. from that time on and through the 1920s, candy bar manufacturers became established throughout the United States, and as many as 40,000 different candy bars appeared on the scene. The original candy bar industry had its start on the eastern coast in such cities as Philadelphia Boston, and New York. The industry soon spread to the Midwest because shipping and raw materials such as sugar, corn syrup, and milk were easily available. Chicago became the seat of the candy bar industry and is even today an important base.
    • 48(3 分) Why did M S. Hershey start the production of chocolate bars?
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    • 49(3 分) Which event brought the booming of American candy bar business?
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    • 50(3 分) What does the underlined word"seat"in the last paragraph most probably mean?
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    • 51(3 分) What is this passage mainly about?
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  • Passage Five
      Mark Twain is one of Americas much-beloved authors, creating imaginative and humorous classics for children and adults alike, such as The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, The Prince and The Pauper, and Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Twain passed away in 1910, leaving behind a treasure of great literature. But now, 100 years after his death, he"ll have a brand-new book on the shelves : a three-volume autobiography

      Twain hasn"t been keeping busy in his tomb: it was his wish that publishers wait until 100 years after his death to publish his memoirs (自传) , which he spent the last decade of his life working on.

      The autobiography totals more than 5, 000 pages, and likely wont be all sunshine and roses. It seems that Twain harbored some bitterness against former girlfriends and ex-friends. He also writes negatively about politicians of his day, such as Teddy Roosevelt. It"s likely that he requested such a long lead time for the memoirs because he didn"t want to hurt the feelings of anyone mentioned in this work.

      Although small sections of the memoirs have been previously published, the autobiography has never been available in full, and should provide great insights into the man behind the classic books. The first volume of the set will be available in November, and the trilogy is being published by the University of California, Berkeley.

      “There are so many biographies of Twain, and many of them have used bits and pieces of the autobiography,” editor Robert Hirst told The Independent. “But biographers pick and choose what bits to quote. By publishing Twain"s book in full, we hope that people will be able to come to their own complete conclusions about what sort of a man he was.”
    • 52(3 分) According to Paragraph 1, which of the following statements is TRUE of Mark Twain?
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    • 53(3 分) What can we learn about Mark Twain"s autobiography from the passage?
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    • 54(3 分) What does the underlined word “trilogy” in Paragraph 4 mean?
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    • 55(3 分) What is the purpose of publishing Twain"s autobiography?
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Daily Conversation (共5题,合计15.00分。Directions:Pick out appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the following dialoaue by blackenina the corresuondina letter on the Answer Sheet.)
  • 56(3.00 分)第60题的正确答案是()
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  • 57(3.00 分)第59题的正确答案是()
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  • 58(3.00 分)第58题的正确答案是()
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  • 59(3.00 分)第57题的正确答案是()
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  • 60(3.00 分)第56题的正确答案是()
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Writing (共1题,合计25.00分。Directions:For this part, you are supposed to write an essay in English in 100 - 120 words based on the following information. Remember to write it clearly.)
  • 61(25.00 分)

    你( Li Yuan)的同学王晶打算在校内找一份临时工作,给她写一封电子邮件,内容包括:
    1.你从校园网上获得图书馆招工的信息;招聘人数为5-10人;
    2.对应聘人员的要求(如必须是本校学生、可周末上班等);
    3.面试时间和地点;
    4.鼓励她抓住此机会,前去面试。  

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计算器

答题卡

Phonetics

(共5题)

Vocabulary and Structure

(共15题)

Cloze

(共15题)

Reading Comprehension

(共20题)

Daily Conversation

(共5题)

Writing

(共1题)