第四章、阅读理解
  • 组卷方式

    手工出卷

  • 本试卷共有

    99 题

  • 卷面总分

    100 分

  • 考试时长

    150分钟

阅读理解 (共99题,合计100分。)
  • Table top magic requires no secret formula.Even the simplest meal will be received with enthusiasm if the table accessories are creative and colorful.No matter what type of dinnerware you own,you can enhance its beauty with a variety of attractive table linens.
    When selecting a supply of tablecloths,place mats and napkins,choose easy—care or permanent—press fabrics because these fabrics will reduce your workload when washday rolls around.Another consideration is the suitability of your linens for your dining style or the types of entertaining you do.The shape of your table will also dictate the kind of tablecloth you purchase.Circular or rounded tables look best covered with round or oval tablecloths.Square—cornered tables require squares or rectangles.
    Finally,your table linens should complement your dinnerware.An elegant table setting requires an elegant tablecloth.A setting of stoneware looks best with heavy of colorful fabrics.
    But sure to take all the necessary measurements before you start shopping for fabric of your choice.It could be embarrassing if your tablecloths are not long enough to cover the tables.It is equally distressing if your tablecloth is so long that your guests have to watch where they walk.

    • 1(1 分) Linens should complement your dinnerware.The underlined word means______.
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    • 2(1 分) Tile author suggests that you purchase table linens made of______.
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    • 3(1 分) Which size tablecloth would you buy for a circular table which is 30 inches high and 45 inches in diameter?
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    • 4(1 分) From this passage,we can conclude that table top______.
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  • Japan bombed Pearl Harbor in 1941.The United States was mad at the Japanese so they made many Japanese-Americans leave their homes.They were put in camps with barbed wire around the outside of the camps.
    Many Japanese-American young men were called into the army.Some of them joined the US Military Intelligence Service or MIS.The MIS was a secret group that fought the Japanese soldiers.This secret group translated important maps and papers.They questioned Japanese prisoners.Another task they did was to translate diaries written in Japanese.
    Sometimes Japanese soldiers hid in caves to hide from the Americans.The MIS would try to get the scared soldiers to leave the caves.This was known as "cave flushing." Some of the soldiers would give up and leave the caves.
    Other Japanese would jump to their deaths.
    The MIS never got awards for their efforts until the year 2000.Then they were rewarded for their brave acts in World War II.It took almost sixty years for them to be honored.
    Gayle Yamada has made a film about the brave Japanese-American MIS.The film is called "Uncommon Courage" and is a true story.Hopefully, Yamada's film and the movie, "Pearl Harbor," will not cause people to hate Japanese-Americans or any other race.

    • 5(1 分) The letters MIS stood for ________
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    • 6(1 分) The MIS finally received recognition __.
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    • 7(1 分) Gayle Yamada's new film is entitled __.
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    • 8(1 分) Writer hopes that a new movie won't __.
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  • Every morning, kids from a local high school are working hard.They are making and selling special coffee at a coffee cafe.They are also making a lot of money.
    These students can make up to twelve hundred dollars a day.They are selling their special coffee to airplane passengers.After the students get paid, the rest of the money goes to helping a local youth project.
    These high school students use a space in the Oakland airport.It is usually very crowded.
    Many people who fly on the planes like to drink the special coffee.
    One customer thinks that the coffee costs a lot but it is good and worth it.Most customers are pleasant but some are unhappy.They do not like it if the coffee care is not open for business.
    The students earn $6.10 an hour plus tips.They also get school credit while they learn how to run a business.Many of the students enjoy the work although it took some time to learn how to do it.
    They have to learn how to steam milk, load the pots, and add flavor.It takes some skill and sometimes mistakes are made.The most common mistake is forgetting to add the coffee.

    • 9(1 分) All of the money that the students make goes to helping a local __ project
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    • 10(1 分) Most customers are pleasant but some are unhappy because __.
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  • Stress makes a person want to stop whatever they are doing, try to relax, and become calm again.Too much stress results in physical, emotional, and mental health problems.
    There are numerous physical effects of stress.Stress can affect the heart.It can increase the pulse rate, make the heart miss beats, and can cause high blood pressure.Stress can affect the respiratory system.It can lead to asthma.It can cause a person to breathe too fast, resulting in a loss of important carbon dioxide.Stress can affect the stomach.It can cause stomach aches and problems digesting food.These are only a few examples of the wide range of illnesses and symptoms resulting from stress.
    Emotions are also easily affected by stress.People suffering from stress often feel anxious.They may have panic attacks.They may feel tired all the time.When people are under stress, they often overreact to little problems.For example, a normally gentle parent under a lot of stress at work may yell at a child for dropping a glass of juice.Stress can make people angry, moody, or nervous.
    Long-term stress can lead to a variety of serious mental illnesses.Depression, an extreme feeling of sadness and hopelessness, can be the result of continued and increasing stress.Alcoholism and other addictions often develop as a result of overuse of alcohol or drugs to try to relieve stress.Eating disorders, such as anorexia, are sometimes caused by stress and are often made worse by stress.If stress is allowed to continue, then one's mental health is put at risk.
    It is obvious that stress is a serious problem.It attacks the body.So, reduce stress: stop the world and rest for a while.

    • 11(1 分) Which of the following parts of the body does not have physical problems caused by stress?
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    • 12(1 分) Choose the best answer to explain how alcoholism is caused by stress.
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    • 13(1 分) Stress can affect the respiratory system by __.
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    • 14(1 分) Symptoms of emotional stress include __.
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  • Above all know your audience and match what you say to their needs.Creating your presentation with your audience in mind will assure that your audience will follow you.If your presentation doesn't appeal to your audience- no matter how well you have developed your presentation-- your presentation will fall on deaf ears.This leads us to the next rule: Know your material thoroughly.Your material needs to be second nature to you.Practice and rehearse your presentation with friends, in front of a mirror, and with colleagues.If you are speaking in a second language, make sure that you record yourself and listen to a number of times before going to practice with a native speaker (if possible).
    Remember that you are an actor when presenting.Make sure that not only your physical appearance is appropriate to the occasion, but also the tone you use is well chosen.If your topic is serious, be solemn.However, it's always a good idea to begin your presentation with an ice-breaker.Don't worry about making friends, rather lead the audience through your materials in a calm and relaxed manner.Speak slowly and clearly, and remember to address everyone in the audience - even the person the farthest away from you.
    To achieve the above goals follow these tips when giving your presentation:
    ● Speak with conviction.Believe what you are saying and you will persuade your audience.
    ● Do not read from notes.Referring to notes is fine, but do so only briefly. 
    ● Maintain eye contact with your audience.Making direct eye contact with individuals will help them feel as if they are participating in your presentation.
    ● Bring handouts.Don't just use a PowerPoint presentation.Provide audience members with handouts of the most important materials so they can keep your most 
    important takeaways in mind.
    ● Know when to stop.This cannot be underestimated.You need to make your case, but continuing for too long will only ensure that the audience forgets what you have said.

    • 15(1 分) What is the most important thing to remember when making a presentation?
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    • 16(1 分) Handouts are important because __
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    • 17(1 分) What should you do before your practice in a second language?
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    • 18(1 分) Why should you know when to stop?
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  • It was a case of emergency.The four-year-old girl awoke and smelled smoke.She couldn't wake her mother, so she dialed "zero", An operator immediately called the fire department.Help was sent, and a tragedy avoided.
    Days before this emergency, the mother had taught her child how to telephone for help.Children as young as two and one-half years old can be taught to use the phone in emergency situations.Here are some points.
    Memorizing certain facts is important.Teach your children their names, and the section of town where you live.Try to keep what they learn within their abilities.Simple information, learned well, is better than difficult information only partly learned.
    Be sure your children know how to use the telephone.They should be taught to dial "zero" for the operator, at the very least.And they should be taught to dial "911" if it is used in your town.
    Practice over a period of several days.Over-learning is necessary so the child can act automatically in case of emergency.
    If you would like a booklet giving instructions on calling for help, write Telephone For Help, Box 99, Bowling Green Station, New York, NY 10004.

    • 19(1 分) From this passage, why is it a good idea for children to learn how to use the telephone?
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    • 20(1 分) Based on this passage, over-learning is good because __.
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    • 21(1 分) Paragraph 4 talks about dialing "911".This number is probably
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    • 22(1 分) What is the main idea of the passage?
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  • Many seasoned tourists find they don't like staying in hotels, and that they prefer to avoid large cities.Does this description fit you? If the answer is yes, The Mountain View Camping Ground is for you.Our camping grounds overlook the spectacular Hampson Valley.We rent tents, bungalows and roulettes.If DIY yourself is your style brings your own tents or roulettes.All guests enjoy access to cooking facilities, bathrooms with bathing facilities, and a playground for the children.
    Our panoramic setting offers a wide variety of recreation activities as well as inspiring views of the mountains.Chisom, a quaint summer-resort village, is just 10 minutes by car.Take advantage of the many entertainment, shopping and relaxation opportunities including fitness centres, laundry / valet services, solariums and much more.Have lunch in one of the many restaurants and savor the tasty local cuisine.
    Mountain View Camping Ground offers fun, relaxation and opportunities for all types of outdoor activities.Call us today to find out how we can make your next holiday perfect.

    • 23(1 分) What type of tourist is described at the beginning of the reading?
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    • 24(1 分) Who cooks dinner?
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    • 25(1 分) What does Valley View offer besides the inspiring views?
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    • 26(1 分) The camping grounds overlook __.
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  • Some college students drink too much alcohol at school.Many of them live on the campus.Heavy drinking has caused many problems.It can cause students to make bad choices and do dangerous things.
    One college has decided to ban alcohol.It has gotten a reputation as a party school.Five students at the college have died from drinking too much alcohol.Recently, one student drank too much vodka.He slipped into a coma.The college hopes the new rule will prevent any more tragedies.
    The new rule prohibits students from drinking alcohol in the dorms.The first time a student breaks the rule they will receive a warning.If they break the rule again, they will be evicted from the dorm.However, they will still have to pay for the dorm.Some students do not live on the campus.They live in houses near the campus.Those students are also banned from drinking alcohol, even if they are of legal age.
    Freshmen at the college are now required to take a special course.The course is called AlcoholEdu, and lasts for two and a half hours.The students learn about the dangers of alcohol.They also take a survey to find out how much they know about alcohol.All first-year students must pass the course.
    The college hopes that more information will help students make better choices.

    • 27(1 分) __ at the college are required to take the alcohol information course.
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    • 28(1 分) How do officials know that alcohol is a problem at the school?
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    • 29(1 分) Why does the college want all freshmen to take the alcohol course?
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    • 30(1 分) What has the college become known for?
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  • Online distance learning is an instructional system which connects learners with educational resources.Students work on their own at home, at work, or at school and communicate with faculty and other students by means of e-mail, electronic meetings, videoconferencing, chat rooms, instant messaging and other forms of computer-based communication.There are both advantages and disadvantages to online distance learning.
    There are many benefits to using online distance learning environments.Online education is available all the time, anywhere and to all people.However, there are weaknesses for some learners.The online learner only has the written text and no other face-to-face hints.This may confuse the learner and cause misunderstanding.While distance learning allows for an openness, it is also difficult because it is done by e-mail messages and writing, and therefore may take more time than face-to-face learning.Sometimes the messages can be overwhelming for many online students.
    Universities, colleges and schools use online distance learning environments.These are important for students who may be unable to attend classes for various reasons like illnesses or busy everyday schedules.Some learners just want to further their studies at home.They enjoy the convenience of home learning as they take regular programs or enrichment classes.
    Online courses keep learners very occupied at all hours of the day.There are a great many messages and other online resources to read and respond to.Most learners have regular jobs or attend regular school classes on ground as well.However, the benefits are clear.Online distance learning is becoming very popular.Some online classes have become a profitable business as they replace regular traditional means of learning.

    • 31(1 分) Which of the following is TRUE of the passage about online distance learning?
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    • 32(1 分) One of the good aspects of online distance learning is __.
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    • 33(1 分) With regular means of learning, the learners have to study __.
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    • 34(1 分) Sometimes online distance learning can be a problem because __.
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  • If you want to stay young, sit down and have a good think.This is the research result of professor Faulkner, who says that most of our brains are not getting enough exercise and as a result, we are ageing unnecessarily soon.
    Professor Faulkner wanted to find out why healthy farmers in northern Japan appeared to be losing their ability to think and to reason at a relatively early age, and how the process of ageing could be slowed down.
    He set about measuring brain volumes of a thousand people of different ages and occupations.
    Computer technology enabled him to obtain precise measurements of the volume of the front and side sections of the brain, which relate to intelligence and emotion, and determine the human character.
    Contraction of front and side parts--as cells die off--was observed in some subjects in their thirties, but it was still not evident in some sixty- and seventy-year-olds.
    Faulkner concluded from his tests that there is a simple way to slow the contraction—using the head.
    The findings show that contraction of the brain begins sooner in people in the country than in the towns.Those least at risk, says Faulkner, are lawyers, followed by university professors and doctors.White--collar workers doing routine work are, however, as likely to have shrinking brains as the farm worker, bus driver and shop assistant.
    Faulkner's findings show that thinking can prevent the brain from shrinking.Blood must circulate properly in the head to supply the fresh oxygen the brain cells need."The best way to maintain good blood circulation is through using the brain," he says."Think hard and engage in conversation.Don't rely on pocket calculators."

    • 35(1 分) Professor Faulkner wanted to find out__.
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    • 36(1 分) The professor's tests show that __.
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    • 37(1 分) According to the passage, which group of people seem to age slower than the others?
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    • 38(1 分) Faulkner's research findings are based on __.
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  • Train companies in Tokyo are taking action to reduce the number of people jumping in front of trains.They are fitting blue lights on station platforms to try and create a more calming atmosphere.The East Japan Railway Company has invested almost $170,000 to install the lights in all of the 29 stations on the capital's busy Yamanote Line.There has been an alarming rise in the number of people committing suicide at train stations.A total of 68 people threw themselves under trains in the year up to March.This compares with 42 suicides in the same period a year earlier.In 2008, Japan had nearly 2,000 suicides by jumping in front of a train; around six percent of all suicides nationwide.Suicides have risen sharply in the past decade due to poor economic conditions.
    No one knows if the blue lights will work.There is no evidence to show that blue light reduces suicidal feelings. Keihan Railway spokesman Osamu Okawa stated: "We thought we had to do something to save lives.We know there is no scientific proof that blue lights deter suicides, but if blue has a soothing effect on the mind, we want to try it to save lives." The Associated Press news agency reports on a Japanese therapist called Mizuki Takahashi.She explained her reasons why the blue lights might be a good idea: "We associate the color with the sky and the sea.It has a calming effect on agitated people, or people obsessed with one particular thing, which in this case is committing suicide," she said.Other companies are watching this experiment with interest.

    • 39(1 分) Why blue lights are installed in many train stations?
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    • 40(1 分) The use of blue lights to reduce suicides __.
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    • 41(1 分) A Japanese therapist explained that __.
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    • 42(1 分) What is the writer's attitude toward the experiment? He is __.
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  • Laura was married for 6 months.Her husband was using drugs.She didn't want her son or her unborn baby to live that way, but she was afraid to ask her husband to leave.She left him a note instead.After reading the note, Laura's husband waited for her to come home and then beat her and her son.
    Laura had little education and she never had a good paying job.She was ashamed to ask for help from the police, courts or women's shelters.Sometimes her husband was very nice to her.She decided to try harder so her children could have a home and a father.Laura joined a church and told a priest about her problem.
    But her husband kept using drugs and hurting the family.Finally, she told her husband she loved him, but they should live apart for a while.He beat her again.The priest came over to talk to her.He asked the husband to go out for a while.Laura packed up her things and left home with her son.The next day she lost the baby.Her husband went to jail.
    Laura got a lot of help from groups that help women who have been beaten.Now she is in college, has her own apartment and works on special projects at a women's shelter."We got out, and it changed life for me and my child.You can do it.You can break the cycle," Laura said.

    • 43(1 分) The message Laura left her husband was most likely “__ ”.
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    • 44(1 分) Which of the following statements is TRUE?
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    • 45(1 分) Laura didn't go to the police or courts because __.
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    • 46(1 分) Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?
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  • At the first sight the planet Mars does not appear very welcome to any kind of life.It has very little oxygen and water, the temperature at night is below -50~Cand winds of 100 miles per hour cause severe dust storms.However, the surface of the planet seems to show that water flowed across it some time in the past, and it is believed that there is enough ice at the poles to cover the planet with water if it melts.Although there is no life on the Mars now, some scientists think that there may have been some form of life long time ago.At that time, the planet had active volcanoes; the atmosphere was thicker and warmer; and there was water.In fact, in some ways the Mars may have been similar to the Earth, where life exists.
    Some people believe that the Mars could support life in the future if the right conditions were produced.The first step would be to warm the planet using certain gases which trap the Sun's heat in the planet's atmosphere.With warmth, water and carbon dioxide (二氧化碳), simple plants could begin to grow.These plants could slowly make the Mars more suitable for living.It is estimated that the whole process might take between 100,000 and 200,000 years.In the meantime, people could begin to live on the planet in special closed environments.They would provide a lot of useful information about conditions on the Mars and the problems connected with living there.

    • 47(1 分) Some scientists think there may have been life on the Mars in the past because __.
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    • 48(1 分) There could be life on the Mars in the future if
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    • 49(1 分) The author's attitude towards the possibility of life on the Mars in the future is __.
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    • 50(1 分) Which is the best title for this passage?
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  • Many people use wood stoves and fireplaces to heat their homes.Scientists have become worried about the smoke that they give off.Harmful chemicals are in the smoke.The smoke is causing air pollution.The pieces of pollution, called soot, are floating in the air.They are too tiny to see.Scientists must use a microscope to see them.
    Small amounts of soot are safe, but large amounts can be dangerous.The govenment wants to limit this kind of pollution.It may stop people from using their fireplaces.
    The air is tested every day.When soot levels are high, more than 65 micrograms of soot per cubic meter, factories must stop making smoke.The government thinks that limit should be much lower.
    Factories produce the most smoke and soot.But the government thinks that all types of burning should be limited.The soot levels from factories and homes could be limited.Home owners may have to install new wood stoves that they comply with the new law.Or, they may not be able to bum on days when the air quality is bad.
    Residents of some towns are fined if they violate the burning ban.Scientists hope these new regulations will make the air cleaner and less harmful to breathe.

    • 51(1 分) Why is it dangerous to burn too much wood?
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    • 52(1 分) What could home owners do to comply with the new regulation?
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    • 53(1 分) What happens to some residents who bum too much wood?
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    • 54(1 分) Why is the air quality tested every day?
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  • Like every language, American English is full of special expressions, phrases that come from the day-to-day life of the people and develop in their own way.Our expression today is“to face the music”.
    When someone says, “well, I guess I'll have to face the music,” it does not mean he's planning to go to the concert.It is something far less pleasant, like being called in by your boss to explain why you did this and did that, and why you didn't do this or that.Sour music indeed, but it has to be faced At sometime or another, every one of us has had to face the music, especially as children.We can all remember father's angry voice,“I want to talk to you.”and only because we did not obey him.What an unpleasant business it was!
    The phrase “to face the music” is familiar to every American, young and old,It is at least 100 years old
    And where did this expression come from? The first explanation comes from the American novelist, James Fenimore Looper.He said, in 1851, that the expression was first used by actors while waiting in the wings to go on the stage.When they got their cue to go on, they often said, “Well, it's time to face the music.” And that was exactly what they did — facing the orchestra which was just below them.And an actor might be frightened or nervous as he moved on to the stage in front of an audience that might be friendly or perhaps hostile, especially if he forgot his lines.But he had to go out.If he did not, there would be no play.So the expression“to face the music”come to mean“having to go through something, no matter how unpleasant the experience might be, because you knew you had no choice.”
    Other explanations about the expression go back to the army.When the men faced an inspection by their leader, the soldiers would be worried about how well they looked
    Was their equipment clean, shinny enough to pass the inspection? Still the men had to go out and face the music of the band as well as the inspection.What else could they do? 
    Another army explanation is more closely related to the idea of facing the results and accepting the responsibility for something that should not have been done.As, for example when a man is forced out of the army because he did something terrible, he is dishonored
    The band does not play.Only the drums tap a sad, slow beat.The soldier is forced to leave, facing such music as it is and facing the back of his horse.

    • 55(1 分) How many ways does the phrase “to face the music” comes from?
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    • 56(1 分) What's the meaning of “to face the music?”
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    • 57(1 分) Which of the following is a situation of facing the music?
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    • 58(1 分) The underlined word “hostile” means _______.
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  • If there is one thing I'm sure about, it is that in a hundred years from now we will still be reading newspapers.It is not that newspapers are a necessity.Even now some people get most of their news from television or radio.Many buy a paper only on Saturday or Sunday.But for most people reading a newspaper has become a habit passed down from generation to generation.
    The nature of what is news may change.What basically makes news is what affects our lives — the big political stories, the coverage of the wars, earthquakes and other disasters, will continue much the same.I think there will be more coverage of scientific research, though.It's already happening in areas that may directly affect our lives, like genetic(基因) engineering.In the future, I think there will be more coverage of scientific explanations of why we feel as we do — as we develop a better understanding of how the brain operates and what our feelings really are.
    It's quite possible that in the next century newspapers will be transmitted(传送) electronically from Fleet Street and printed out in our own home.In fact, I'm pretty sure that how it will happen in the future.You will probably be able to choose from a menu, making up your own newspaper by picking out the things you want to read — sports and international news, et C.
    I think people have got it wrong when they talk about competition between the different media(媒体).They actually feed off each other.Some people once foresaw that television would kill off newspapers, but that hasn't happened
    D.What is read on the printed page lasts longer than pictures on a screen or sound lost in the air.And as for the Internet, it's never really pleasant to read something just on a screen.

    • 59(1 分) What is the best title for the passage?
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    • 60(1 分) In the writer's opinion, in the future, _______.
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    • 61(1 分) What will probably be on in the newspaper made by yourself?
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    • 62(1 分) From the passage, we can infer _______.
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    • 63(1 分) The phrase“feed off”in the last paragraph means _______.
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  • The year 2000 will bring big changes in communication.Cell phones will be small enough to carry in your pocket.Videophones will let you see the person you are talking to on the phone.Tiny hand size computers will know your favorite subjects.The Internet and email will be everywhere. Technologists believe 2000 will be the year of video messaging.You will be able to see whom you're talking to.
    Also in the near future small wireless boxes will pick up information from satellites.In 5 years, computers won't need to be connected through wires.
    All of this will be good for rural areas and countries that don't have cable or telephone now.
    In 20 years you may only need to think about something and the computer will do it.
    Constance Hale is the author of Sin and Syntax, "I believe that email has been an incredible boon to communication.People are writing today where they would have been telephoning yesterday.So people are engaging with words more than they have for the last couple generations."
    If people use email and the Internet more, it could make people better readers and writers.Some people think the most important part of communication is to make people understand each other better.Will technology make that easier?
    The translator also comes in handy in medical emergencies.Tam Dinh says, "Where people are injured it's always important to get as much information as quickly as possible."
    Bob Parks is an Associate Editor of Wired Magazine, "Bob's morning begins at about 6:45 am.and Bob is kind of mad, because Bob usually gets up at around 7:15 and likes to cut it close with his morning commute, but I look at my radio and it says that there's a traffic jam on 101 South and I'm gonna need an extra 1/2 hour.And so my radio has got a net connection, wireless net connection as well as a good old power cord to the wall and it has received notice that there's a traffic jam and it has calculated an extra 1/2 hour commute time."
    Some day everything may be connected to the Internet.Your refrigerator will add milk to your Internet grocery list when the date on the carton has passed.Light bulbs will be ordered before they burn out.
    It's fun to try to guess the future.Usually the predictions are wrong.The one thing we know for sure is that we can't imagine how technology will change.

    • 64(1 分) How will wireless computers and Internet services help rural areas?
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    • 65(1 分) Constance Hale says "email has been an incredible boon to communication".What Does she mean by this?
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    • 66(1 分) In which case mentioned in the passage would an automatic language translator be helpful?
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    • 67(1 分) Why did Bob Parks radio wake him up 1/2 hour earlier than usual?
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  • Children for whom school has no point
    Many children do not go to school either because their parents want them at home as carers for siblings, or simply because their parents cannot be bothered to send them.Thousands more are not registered at any school at all, because of their families' unstable lives.
    Underlying this dreadful situation there are two central truths.First of all, the problem of children not going to school often has more to do with their parents than with the children themselves.Secondly, once children go to school, we need to make sure that the experience is a positive one so that they want to keep on going.
    In Britain, the Ministry of Education has introduced a complex package of sticks and carrots to persuade Schools to bring truants' and excluded children back into the classroom.It is paying grants so that a thousand schools can set up special units to help these children.Schools receive the grant if they bring a target number of children back to school; if they do not meet the target, the grant is withdrawn.
    Parents are the subject of this campaign, too: the Home Office has introduced fines for parents who fail to send their children to school, and has given the police power to pick up truants on the streets.
    Truant=a child who does not go to school when he or she should.

    • 68(1 分) According to the text, there are thousands of children who __.
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    • 69(1 分) Part of the problem is __.
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    • 70(1 分) The Ministry of Education will take away a school's grant if__.
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    • 71(1 分) The Home Office __.
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  • If you are like most people, your intelligence varies from season to season.You are probably a lot sharper in the spring than you are at any other time of the year.A noted scientist, Ellsworth Huntington (1876-1947), concluded from other men's work and his own among peoples in different climates that climate and temperature have a definite effect on our mental abilities.
    He found that cool weather is much more favorable for creative thinking than is summer heat.This does not mean that all people are less intelligent in the summer than they are during the rest of the year.It does mean, however, that the mental abilities of large numbers of people tend to be lowest in the summer.
    Spring appears to be the best period of the year for thinking.One reason may be that in the spring man's mental abilities are affected by the same factors that bring about great changes in all nature.
    Fall is the next-best season, then winter.As for summer, it seems to be a good time to take a long vacation from thinking!

    • 72(1 分) Ellsworth Huntington decided that climate and temperature have __.
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    • 73(1 分) It seems that the cold winter __.
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    • 74(1 分) One possible reason why spring is the best season for thinking is that __.
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    • 75(1 分) According to the passage, any vacations from thinking should be taken __.
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  • The world's oceans have warmed 50 percent faster over the last 40 years than previously thought due to climate change, Australian and US climate researchers reported Wednesday.Higher ocean temperatures expand the volume of water, contributing to a rise in sea levels that is covering small island nations and threatening to destroy the low-lying, densely-populated low regions around the globe.
    The study, published in the British journal Nature, adds to a growing scientific chorus of warnings about the pace and consequences rising oceans.It also serves as a corrective to a massive report issued last year by the Nobel-winning UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), according to the authors.
    Rising sea levels are driven by two things: the thermal expansion of sea water, and additional water from melting sources of ice.Both processes are caused by global warming.The ice sheet that sits atop Greenland, for example, contains enough water to raise world ocean levels by seven meters, which would bury sea-level cities from Dhaka to Shanghai.
    Trying to figure out how much each of these factors contributes to rising sea levels is critically important to understanding climate change, and forecasting future temperature rises, scientists say.But up to now, there has been a puzzling gap between the projections of computer-based climate models, and the observations of scientists gathering data from the oceans.
    The new study, led by Catia Domingues of the Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research, is the first to reunite the models with observed data.Using new techniques to assess ocean temperatures to a depth of 700 meters from 1961 to 2003, it shows that thermal warming contributed to a 0.53 millimeter-per-year rise in sea levels rather than the 0.32 mm rise reported by the IPCC.

    • 76(1 分) What happens when the ocean's temperature rises?
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    • 77(1 分) Ultimately, the new study should help scientists to __.
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    • 78(1 分) What was the main finding of the study?
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    • 79(1 分) The rise in water levels is especially dangerous for small island nations and __.
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  • There are many stereotypes about the character of people in various parts of the United States.In the Northeast and Midwest, people are said to be closed and private.In the South and West, however, they are often thought of as being more open and hospitable.Ask someone from St.Louis where the nearest sandwich shop is, and he or she will politely give you directions.A New Yorker might eye you at first and after deciding it is safe to talk to you, might give you a rather unexpected explanation.A person from Georgia might be very kind about directing you and even suggest some different places to eat.A Texan just might take you to the place and treat you to lunch.
    American stereotypes are abundant.New Englanders are often thought of as being friendly and helpful.Southerners are known for their hospitality and warmth.People from the western part of the United States are often considered very outgoing.These differences in character can be traced to different factors such as climate, living conditions, and historical development.
    When travelling from place to place, Americans themselves are often surprised at the differing degrees of friendliness in the United States.

    • 80(1 分) The main idea of the passage is __.
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    • 81(1 分) Which of the following is true according to the passage?
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    • 82(1 分) The differences lie in the following except __ of the parts.
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    • 83(1 分) New Englanders are often thought of as being __.
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  • There Pictures from outer space now show us how much land has changed on earth.These images are taken by Landsat 7, a government satellite.The satellites have been used for 27 years.They reveal the clear-cutting of forests in the northwestern part of the United States.Pictures show the loss of rain forests in South America.
    NASA's Darrel Williams speaks about the Landsat 7 Project.He said that an eruption caused trees to burn up in a large forest.Fifteen years later, pinkish images from space show that the trees and plant life are growing again.Williams says that clear-cut areas easily show up in the pictures.He wants Americans to look at how much land is being cleared of forests in our country.
    Satellites have provided other information about changes on earth.In the past ten years, more than four miles have shrunk from glaciers in Alaska.Landsat 7 received these computer images of Glacier Bay in Alaska.
    Hurricanes Floyd and Irene have damaged the coastline in North Carolina.Runoff from farms and silt have gone into the.ocean according to satellite images.Loss of trees and forests have caused hotter summers in southern cities such as Atlanta, Georgia.
    The Landsat 7 images are like pictures in a photo album.Instead of pictures of the family, the album shows changes around the globe in the past 25 years.
    A new satellite, Terra, is going to be launched by NASA soon.It will be more advanced than Landsat 7 and will take important global pictures.Ocean temperatures and energy loss will be provided by Terra daily.

    • 84(1 分) NASA can tell that vegetation is growing back because of __.
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    • 85(1 分) Landsat 7 knows that Alaskan glaciers have shrunk because __.
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    • 86(1 分) Silt and heavy run-off from farms in North Carolina were caused by __.
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    • 87(1 分) Terra will be a better satellite because
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  • On television all over the world there are programmes about the work of the police.They are popular because they are usually very exciting.In London there is a television programme called"Police Five "--because it is on for five minutes once a week.A television reporter, Shaw Taylor, talks about crimes in the London area.He asks for public help.The police station needs the help of ordinary people because sometimes you or I have information that can be useful to the police.
    Shaw Taylor shows pictures of paintings, jewellery (珠宝) and other things which thieves stole during the week.Sometimes he shows the car that the thieves escaped in.When people see men or things on the television programme which they may remember, they can tell the police where they saw them.With their help the police may catch more criminals.
    Sometimes the police find a car or some money.Shaw Taylor shows them on television.The owners sometimes see them.Then they can telephone the police and say, "Thank you very much-- that's mine!"

    • 88(1 分) The television programme is called "Police Five", because it is about the work of the police and __.
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    • 89(1 分) From the passage we know Shaw Taylor is __.
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    • 90(1 分) The police station asks for public help because __.
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    • 91(1 分) When people see things stolen on the programme which they may remember, __.
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  • The traffic lights were red when the driver reached them.To the surprise of his passenger, the ear did not slow down.Unexpectedly the passenger was thrown forward in the vehicle as the driver put on his brakes at the last moment.The car stopped just in time.
    "Sorry, I didn't notice the light.I thought it was green until I saw that it was the top light which was shining."
    This strange story is quite true.About ten men in every hundred are color blind in some way; women are luckier-- only about one in two hundred suffers from color blindness.
    In some cases, a man may not be able to see deep red.He may think that red, orange and yellow are all the same as green.
    People often like one color more than others.Blue is the color of the sky and sea.Green makes us think of fields and trees.Red is the color of blood and makes some people think of danger.Black is the color of night.In the dark we cannot see what is around us so we are sometimes afraid of the unknown and do not like black as a color.

    • 92(1 分) Among the traffic lights, red light is placed __.
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    • 93(1 分) According to the passage, we can guess it is safer to take a car driven by a woman because __.
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    • 94(1 分) One is considered as a color blind man if __.
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    • 95(1 分) According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?
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  • Of all Barry H.Landau's anecdotes about his friendships with presidential dogs, perhaps the best is the one about the time the Clinton White House called to postpone his play-date with Buddy.
    Yes, Landau is both human and an adult, a 60-year-old author, presidential historian, former White House protocol officer and memorabilia collector.But so enamored is he of dogs, and so well connected to a succession of presidents, that he had an appointment for a South Lawn romp one day with Buddy, Bill Clinton's Labrador retriever (拉布拉多犬) .
    Logistics got in the way, though, and hence Clinton secretary Betty Currie's apologetic voice mail left at the Smithsonian Institution, where Landau was doing research: "I'm sorry, but we'll have to reschedule Mr.Landau's play-date with Buddy."
    Not surprisingly, this is a happy week for Landau, with the new Obama family dog, Bo, joining a White House tradition that dates to George Washington.It's one that Landau feels is invaluable to a presidency.
    "Having a dog just humanizes a president," he says."It completes the picture.It's something people can relate to."
    And Landau has related to the best of them.He's known about 25 White House dogs since the Eisenhower administration.Among the presidential-pooch memorabilia in his Manhattan apartment are matching orange inaugural dog coats worn by LBJ's twin beagles (小猎犬) , Him and Her, and a photo of Landau kissing Clipper, JFK's German shepherd.

    • 96(1 分) Who's "Buddy"?
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    • 97(1 分) Who was the first president to have a dog in the White House?
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    • 98(1 分) Where does Landau live?
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    • 99(2 分) According to Landau, why is it important for a president to have a dog?
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